provinces generally get the same number of seats as all other provinces, but, Canada has some massive imbalances.
Consider that California, the largest US state, has 12.18% of the population, while Ontario has 38% of the Canadian population.
Consider as well that Canada has 10 provinces, while the USA has 50 states. If you take the smallest 5 states, their total population is 1.11% of the total US population, which would be roughly 400K as a share of the Canadian population, and this is after you purposefully pick the smallest states from all around the nation, to make the smallest number possible.
As such, any province with over 8 million people, would be considered a "large" province.
And province with under 400,000 people, would be considered a "small" province.
Small provinces have half the standard number of Senators, while large provinces have 4 times the number of standard senators.
The standard number of Senators will become 12. 2 of those Senators would "Federal" and 10 would be "Provincial".
"Small" provinces have numbers of 6, 1, and 5; "Large" provinces have numbers of 48, 8, and 40.
Senators are chosen during "Senator Selections"
which I'll post about in the next post